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Ordinance No. 7 of 23 November 2017

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MIL OSI – Source: President of the Republic of Belarus – Press Release/Statement

Headline: Ordinance No. 7 of 23 November 2017

Ordinance No. 7 of 23 November 2017
On 23 November Belarus President Alexander
Lukashenko signed the Ordinance No. 7 on entrepreneurship development, which is
the key document in the package of regulations designed to improve the
country’s business climate.
The Ordinance provides for radically
changing the way government agencies interact with private companies. It will
minimize the interference of government officials with the operation of
commercial entities. It will give more leeway to private companies in how they
manage their affairs while cranking up the responsibility of private companies
before the public. The minimal level of state oversight remains in place.
To reach these goals, the Ordinance will
allow starting up a private business by notifying the authorities about the
intended lines of business. The list includes consumer services, tourism,
social services, trade and public catering, transportation of passengers and
luggage, merchandise production, production of construction materials, and some
other popular types of business. Thus, the document is supposed to cover the
spheres where about 95% of Belarusian small and medium private companies are
In order to start such a business, a
private entrepreneur will have to notify the local executive body using the
one-stop principle. The notification can be sent by registered mail or via the
digital services web portal. The entrepreneur will be authorized to pursue the
chosen activity starting the next day.
The Ordinance also specifies general
requirements for fire safety, sanitary and epidemiological requirements,
environmental protection requirements, veterinary requirements for placing,
equipping, erecting, maintaining, and operating capital structures and isolated
premises. These requirements have been systematized and abridged as much as
possible. They will be mandatory for all commercial entities.
Other technical regulations for this
sphere will be recommendatory until they are annulled.
The Ordinance reworks the administrative
barriers based on complicated and lengthy bureaucratic procedures, a large
number of certificates, approvals, and permit documents.
Retail and public catering companies
will no longer have to get municipal government agencies to approve the working
hours of shops, restaurants, and cafes. Outlets, which are open at night (from
23:00 to 7:00), are an exception. Transport manifests for transporting
passengers and luggage as irregular service will no longer be required.
Excessive and costly requirements and
restrictions for businesses specializing in manufacturing, civil engineering,
transportation, retail, and some other spheres have been scrapped.
Meanwhile, the Ordinance introduces the
administrative responsibility of the company head for the smooth operation of
the enterprise. In particular, if the executive fails to take measures to
prevent harmful consequences, he or she will pay a fine of 10-200 base amounts,
provided the failure is not classified as a crime or an administrative offense.
This measure is supposed to increase the
responsibility of private companies before the society and the state while the
business requirements are relaxed.
The Ordinance is designed to give an
impulse to the advancement of entrepreneurship initiative, encourage business
activity of citizens, and improve the country’s overall business climate. 
Please see the Russian version of the
site for the full text of the Ordinance.

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