Consumer prices in 2018: +1.9% on the previous year

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English
In December 2018, the inflation rate decreased markedly
Consumer price index, December 2018+1.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)+0.1% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)
Harmonised index of consumer prices, December 2018+1.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)+0.3% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)
Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – Consumer prices in Germany rose by 1.9% on an annual average in 2018 compared with 2017. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 thus was slightly higher than in the previous year (2017: +1.8%). In December 2018, the inflation rate as measured by the consumer price index decreased markedly on the previous months, reaching 1.7%.
The increase in the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 was mainly due to energy prices. Energy product prices in 2018 were up 4.9% on 2017, the increase being larger than a year earlier (2017: +3.1% on 2016). The largest price increases in 2018 were recorded for heating oil (+21.7%) and motor fuel prices were markedly up, too (+7.8%). In contrast to these sharp price rises for mineral oil products, moderate price developments were observed for other energy products. Excluding energy prices, the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 would have been +1.6%.
Food prices increased markedly (+2.5%) in 2018 on 2017, though less strongly than energy prices. In 2018, the rise in food prices concerned all product groups. Particular increases were recorded for edible oils and fats (+7.4%) and dairy products and eggs (+5.3%).
The prices of goods (total) increased by 2.2% in 2018 on 2017. In addition to the rises in energy and food prices, prices were markedly up for tobacco products (+3.8%) and alcoholic beverages (+2.7%). Compared with goods prices, the increase in service prices (total) was slightly smaller (+1.5%). A major factor contributing to the rise in service prices was net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.6%). Prices were up, among other things, for the maintenance and repair of vehicles (+3.0%) and catering services in restaurants, cafes and the like (+2.1%), while price decreases were recorded, for instance, for air tickets (-2.5%) and telecommunications services (-0.7%).
Change in December 2018 on December 2017Consumer prices as a whole rose 1.7% in December 2018 compared with December 2017. The inflation rate thus decreased markedly at the end of the year (November 2018: +2.3%).
The main reason for the inflation rate being lower than in the previous months was the development of energy product prices. Energy prices rose 4.8% in December 2018 on December 2017 (November 2018: +9.3% on November 2017). The price increase slowed markedly on the previous month especially for heating oil (+16.1%) and motor fuels (+8.6%) (November 2018: +40.7% for heating oil, +15.0% for motor fuels). Excluding energy prices, the inflation rate in December 2018 would have been 1.4%.
Food prices rose 1.0% from December 2017 to December 2018. A substantial year-on-year price increase was recorded for vegetables (+8.1%). Fruit prices fell markedly in the same period (-5.1%).
The prices of goods (total) rose by 2.0% in December 2018 compared with the same month a year earlier, the main reason being the increase in energy prices. Significant year-on-year price increases were also recorded for other goods such as newspapers and periodicals (+4.3%) and beer (+3.1%). Lower prices were recorded, for example, for consumer electronics (-5.8%). Prices of services (total) were up 1.5% over the same period. In addition to the increase in net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.5%), higher price rises were observed, for instance, for maintenance and repair of vehicles (+2.6%). In contrast, prices were down especially for pre-primary and primary education services (-12.0%), which was due to the fact that in some Länder parents did no longer have to bearchildcare costs.
Change in December 2018 on November 2018Compared with November 2018, the consumer price index rose by 0.1% in December 2018. The prices of services (total) increased by 1.3% in December 2018 on the previous month. Among other things, rail fares were up towards the end of 2018 as a result of the annual adjustments of railway fares (+1.4%, of which short-distance transport: +3.1%; long-distance transport: +0.8%). The main reason for the decrease in goods prices (-1.1%) is the development of energy prices (-4.2%, including heating oil: -16.7%; motor fuels: -6.4%). A favourable development for consumers was price reductions for clothing and footwear (-2.0%) at the end of the year.
Consumer price index for Germany
Overall index________Year / Month
Index2010 = 100
Change onthe sameperiod ayear earlier
Change onthe previousmonth
in per cent
A = annual average–= no figures or magnitude zero
2017 A
109.3
1.8

2018 A
111.4
1.9

2017
December
110.6
1.7
0.6
2018
January
109.8
1.6
-0.7
February
110.3
1.4
0.5
March
110.7
1.6
0.4
April
110.7
1.6
0.0
May
111.2
2.2
0.5
June
111.3
2.1
0.1
July
111.6
2.0
0.3
August
111.7
2.0
0.1
September
112.1
2.3
0.4
October
112.3
2.5
0.2
November
112.4
2.3
0.1
December
112.5
1.7
0.1
Consumer price index for Germany 
Overall index / subindex
Weighting
2018 A
December 2018
Change on2017 A
Change onthe sameperiod ayear earlier
Change onthe precedingmonth
in per mill
in per cent
A = annual average
Overall index
1,000.00
1.9
1.7
0.1
Food and non-alcoholic-beverages
102.71
2.4
0.9
0.1
Food
90.52
2.5
1.0
0.3
Meat
20.76
1.7
0.6
0.0
Fruit
8.76
3.8
-5.1
1.3
Vegetables
11.26
0.8
8.1
2.3
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco
37.59
3.4
2.8
-0.3
Clothing and footwear
44.93
0.3
0.9
-2.0
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels
317.29
2.0
1.9
-0.6
Net rent exclusive of heating expenses
209.93
1.6
1.5
0.1
Household energy
68.19
3.5
3.2
-3.0
Electricity
26.21
1.3
1.0
0.0
Gas
14.46
-1.4
-1.4
0.1
Heating oil
11.11
21.7
16.1
-16.7
Furnishings, household equipment and so on
49.78
1.0
1.0
0.0
Health
44.44
1.3
1.4
0.1
Transport
134.73
3.3
3.5
-1.6
Motor fuels
38.37
7.8
8.6
-6.4
Supergrade petrol
28.38
6.6
7.2
-6.2
Diesel fuel
9.19
11.4
12.4
-7.5
Communication
30.10
-0.7
-0.7
0.0
Recreation and culture
114.92
1.6
1.4
5.3
Education
8.80
0.3
-3.1
0.1
Restaurants and hotels
44.67
2.2
2.3
0.2
Miscellaneous goods and services
70.04
1.2
1.8
0.0
Overall index 
Excluding food and energy
802.92
1.6
1.5
0.6
Excluding energy (household energy and motor fuels)
893.44
1.6
1.4
0.6
Excluding heating oil and motor fuels
950.52
1.5
1.4
0.6
Goods
479.77
2.2
2.0
-1.1
Non-durable consumer goods
307.89
3.1
2.6
-1.4
Energy
106.56
4.9
4.8
-4.2
Services
520.23
1.5
1.5
1.3
Harmonised index of consumer prices for Germany Enlarge picture The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) for Germany, which is calculated for European purposes, rose by 1.9% in 2018 in an annual comparison with 2017. In December 2018, the HICP was by 1.7% above the level of December 2017. Compared with November 2018, the index rose by 0.3% in December 2018.
More information on consumer price statistics is provided by Fachserie 17, Reihe 7.
Detailed data and long time series of consumer price statistics can also be found in the Genesis Online database in tables 61111-0004 and 61111-0006 (consumer price index) as well as in tables 61121-0002 and 61121-0004 (harmonised consumer price index).
Note: revision of the consumer price index for GermanyThe consumer price index is revised and a new base year introduced at regular intervals. From reference month January 2019, the index will be rebased from 2010 to base year 2015. In this context, the consumer price indices will be recalculated as of January 2015.
Please note the following release dates:30 January 2019 Provisional result for January 201921 February 2019 Final result for January 2019 and all consumer price indices recalculated as of January 2015 on the new 2015 base.

For further information:
Consumer price statisticstel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 47 77,contact form

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