Manufacturing in November 2018: unfilled orders up a seasonally adjusted 1.1% on the previous month

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English
Range of the stock of orders 5.6 months
WIESBADEN – Based on provisional data, the price adjusted stock of orders in manufacturing in November 2018 rose a seasonally and calendar adjusted 1.1% on the previous month, as reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). The domestic orders not yet completed increased 0.8% on the previous month, the stock of foreign orders rose 1.3%. The stock of orders comprises the total of new orders received by the end of the reference month which have not led to any turnover and have not been cancelled by that time.
Unfilled orders for producers of intermediate goods in November 2018 were by 0.2% higher than in the previous month. The producers of capital goods recorded an increase of 1.5%. Regarding consumer goods, the stock was up by 0.4% compared to October 2018.
In November 2018, the range of the stock of orders in manufacturing was 5.6 months (previous month: 5.5). The range indicates for how many months establishments, theoretically, can or must produce goods until all orders on hand are filled – with turnover remaining constant and without any new orders being received. It is calculated as the ratio between the current stock of orders and average turnover in the respective branch.
The range of the stock of orders in November 2018 was 3.0 months (previous month 2.9) for the producers of intermediate goods, 7.8 months (previous month 7.7) for the producers of capital goods, and 1.9 months (previous month also 1.9) for consumer goods.
The data on unfilled orders are based on the volume index of the stock of orders in manufacturing, seasonally and calendar adjusted by means of the X13 JDemetra+ method. The index of the stock of orders covers only selected branches of manufacturing, as does the index of new orders.
Detailed data are available from the GENESIS-Online database (42155 indices of the stock of orders and 42113 ranges of the stock of orders).
For further information:Short-term surveys in manufacturing,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 28 06,contact form

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Number of laying hens in organic farming nearly tripled in 10 years

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

Green Week: facts on agriculture in Germany

WIESBADEN – A growing number of agricultural holdings in Germany are converting to organic egg production. This is reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) to mark the Green Week, which will be held from 18 to 27 January 2019. The number of laying hen places in organic production has nearly tripled in the last 10 years. It rose from just under 1.8 million on the reference date of 1 December 2007 to roughly 5.1 million in 2017. There was also a significant proportionate increase: while laying hen places in organic production accounted for just 4.5% of the total in 2007, this proportion increased to 10.4% by 2017.
For further information:Egg production,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 88 35,contact form 

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Publisher:© Federal Statistical Officeof Germany Press OfficeIndication of source requestedfor distribution

Service hours:Mon – Tue: 8am – 5pmFri: 8am – 3pmCET / CEST
Postal address:65180 WiesbadenGermany

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Consumer prices in 2018: +1.9% on the previous year

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English
In December 2018, the inflation rate decreased markedly
Consumer price index, December 2018+1.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)+0.1% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)
Harmonised index of consumer prices, December 2018+1.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)+0.3% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)
Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – Consumer prices in Germany rose by 1.9% on an annual average in 2018 compared with 2017. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 thus was slightly higher than in the previous year (2017: +1.8%). In December 2018, the inflation rate as measured by the consumer price index decreased markedly on the previous months, reaching 1.7%.
The increase in the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 was mainly due to energy prices. Energy product prices in 2018 were up 4.9% on 2017, the increase being larger than a year earlier (2017: +3.1% on 2016). The largest price increases in 2018 were recorded for heating oil (+21.7%) and motor fuel prices were markedly up, too (+7.8%). In contrast to these sharp price rises for mineral oil products, moderate price developments were observed for other energy products. Excluding energy prices, the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 would have been +1.6%.
Food prices increased markedly (+2.5%) in 2018 on 2017, though less strongly than energy prices. In 2018, the rise in food prices concerned all product groups. Particular increases were recorded for edible oils and fats (+7.4%) and dairy products and eggs (+5.3%).
The prices of goods (total) increased by 2.2% in 2018 on 2017. In addition to the rises in energy and food prices, prices were markedly up for tobacco products (+3.8%) and alcoholic beverages (+2.7%). Compared with goods prices, the increase in service prices (total) was slightly smaller (+1.5%). A major factor contributing to the rise in service prices was net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.6%). Prices were up, among other things, for the maintenance and repair of vehicles (+3.0%) and catering services in restaurants, cafes and the like (+2.1%), while price decreases were recorded, for instance, for air tickets (-2.5%) and telecommunications services (-0.7%).
Change in December 2018 on December 2017Consumer prices as a whole rose 1.7% in December 2018 compared with December 2017. The inflation rate thus decreased markedly at the end of the year (November 2018: +2.3%).
The main reason for the inflation rate being lower than in the previous months was the development of energy product prices. Energy prices rose 4.8% in December 2018 on December 2017 (November 2018: +9.3% on November 2017). The price increase slowed markedly on the previous month especially for heating oil (+16.1%) and motor fuels (+8.6%) (November 2018: +40.7% for heating oil, +15.0% for motor fuels). Excluding energy prices, the inflation rate in December 2018 would have been 1.4%.
Food prices rose 1.0% from December 2017 to December 2018. A substantial year-on-year price increase was recorded for vegetables (+8.1%). Fruit prices fell markedly in the same period (-5.1%).
The prices of goods (total) rose by 2.0% in December 2018 compared with the same month a year earlier, the main reason being the increase in energy prices. Significant year-on-year price increases were also recorded for other goods such as newspapers and periodicals (+4.3%) and beer (+3.1%). Lower prices were recorded, for example, for consumer electronics (-5.8%). Prices of services (total) were up 1.5% over the same period. In addition to the increase in net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.5%), higher price rises were observed, for instance, for maintenance and repair of vehicles (+2.6%). In contrast, prices were down especially for pre-primary and primary education services (-12.0%), which was due to the fact that in some Länder parents did no longer have to bearchildcare costs.
Change in December 2018 on November 2018Compared with November 2018, the consumer price index rose by 0.1% in December 2018. The prices of services (total) increased by 1.3% in December 2018 on the previous month. Among other things, rail fares were up towards the end of 2018 as a result of the annual adjustments of railway fares (+1.4%, of which short-distance transport: +3.1%; long-distance transport: +0.8%). The main reason for the decrease in goods prices (-1.1%) is the development of energy prices (-4.2%, including heating oil: -16.7%; motor fuels: -6.4%). A favourable development for consumers was price reductions for clothing and footwear (-2.0%) at the end of the year.
Consumer price index for Germany
Overall index________Year / Month
Index2010 = 100
Change onthe sameperiod ayear earlier
Change onthe previousmonth
in per cent
A = annual average–= no figures or magnitude zero
2017 A
109.3
1.8

2018 A
111.4
1.9

2017
December
110.6
1.7
0.6
2018
January
109.8
1.6
-0.7
February
110.3
1.4
0.5
March
110.7
1.6
0.4
April
110.7
1.6
0.0
May
111.2
2.2
0.5
June
111.3
2.1
0.1
July
111.6
2.0
0.3
August
111.7
2.0
0.1
September
112.1
2.3
0.4
October
112.3
2.5
0.2
November
112.4
2.3
0.1
December
112.5
1.7
0.1
Consumer price index for Germany 
Overall index / subindex
Weighting
2018 A
December 2018
Change on2017 A
Change onthe sameperiod ayear earlier
Change onthe precedingmonth
in per mill
in per cent
A = annual average
Overall index
1,000.00
1.9
1.7
0.1
Food and non-alcoholic-beverages
102.71
2.4
0.9
0.1
Food
90.52
2.5
1.0
0.3
Meat
20.76
1.7
0.6
0.0
Fruit
8.76
3.8
-5.1
1.3
Vegetables
11.26
0.8
8.1
2.3
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco
37.59
3.4
2.8
-0.3
Clothing and footwear
44.93
0.3
0.9
-2.0
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels
317.29
2.0
1.9
-0.6
Net rent exclusive of heating expenses
209.93
1.6
1.5
0.1
Household energy
68.19
3.5
3.2
-3.0
Electricity
26.21
1.3
1.0
0.0
Gas
14.46
-1.4
-1.4
0.1
Heating oil
11.11
21.7
16.1
-16.7
Furnishings, household equipment and so on
49.78
1.0
1.0
0.0
Health
44.44
1.3
1.4
0.1
Transport
134.73
3.3
3.5
-1.6
Motor fuels
38.37
7.8
8.6
-6.4
Supergrade petrol
28.38
6.6
7.2
-6.2
Diesel fuel
9.19
11.4
12.4
-7.5
Communication
30.10
-0.7
-0.7
0.0
Recreation and culture
114.92
1.6
1.4
5.3
Education
8.80
0.3
-3.1
0.1
Restaurants and hotels
44.67
2.2
2.3
0.2
Miscellaneous goods and services
70.04
1.2
1.8
0.0
Overall index 
Excluding food and energy
802.92
1.6
1.5
0.6
Excluding energy (household energy and motor fuels)
893.44
1.6
1.4
0.6
Excluding heating oil and motor fuels
950.52
1.5
1.4
0.6
Goods
479.77
2.2
2.0
-1.1
Non-durable consumer goods
307.89
3.1
2.6
-1.4
Energy
106.56
4.9
4.8
-4.2
Services
520.23
1.5
1.5
1.3
Harmonised index of consumer prices for Germany Enlarge picture The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) for Germany, which is calculated for European purposes, rose by 1.9% in 2018 in an annual comparison with 2017. In December 2018, the HICP was by 1.7% above the level of December 2017. Compared with November 2018, the index rose by 0.3% in December 2018.
More information on consumer price statistics is provided by Fachserie 17, Reihe 7.
Detailed data and long time series of consumer price statistics can also be found in the Genesis Online database in tables 61111-0004 and 61111-0006 (consumer price index) as well as in tables 61121-0002 and 61121-0004 (harmonised consumer price index).
Note: revision of the consumer price index for GermanyThe consumer price index is revised and a new base year introduced at regular intervals. From reference month January 2019, the index will be rebased from 2010 to base year 2015. In this context, the consumer price indices will be recalculated as of January 2015.
Please note the following release dates:30 January 2019 Provisional result for January 201921 February 2019 Final result for January 2019 and all consumer price indices recalculated as of January 2015 on the new 2015 base.

For further information:
Consumer price statisticstel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 47 77,contact form

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German economy grew 1.5% in 2018

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – According to first calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the price adjusted gross domestic product (GDP) was 1.5% higher in 2018 than in the previous year. The German economy thus grew the ninth year in a row, although growth has lost momentum. In the previous two years, the price adjusted GDP had increased by 2.2% each. A longer-term view shows that German economic growth in 2018 exceeded the average growth rate of the last ten years (+1.2%).Gross domestic product, price-adjusted, chain-linked
Change on the previous year (in percent):
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
1.1
-5.6
4.1
3.7
0.5
0.5
2.2
1.7
2.2
2.2
1.5
As the calendar effect in 2018 was weak, the calendar-adjusted GDP growth rate was 1.5%, too
Gross domestic product, price and calendar-adjusted, chain-linked
Change on the previous year (in percent):
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
0.8
-5.6
3.9
3.7
0.7
0.6
2.2
1.5
2.2
2.5
1.5

Contributions to growth came from consumption expenditure and capital formation in 2018
Positive contributions to growth came mainly from domestic demand in 2018. Both household final consumption expenditure (+1.0%) and government final consumption expenditure (+1.1%) were up on the previous year. However, the growth rates were markedly lower than in the preceding three years.
Total price-adjusted gross fixed capital formation rose 4.8% year-on-year. Gross fixed capital formation in machinery and equipment was up 4.5% on the previous year. Gross fixed capital formation in construction grew by 3.0% and a particularly significant year-on-year increase was recorded for gross fixed capital formation in public civil engineering. Gross fixed capital formation in other fixed assets, which includes expenditure on research and development, was 0.4% higher than a year earlier. In addition, inventories increased in 2018, which also contributed to growth.
German exports continued to increase on an annual average in 2018, though at a slower pace than in the previous years. Price-adjusted exports of goods and services were up 2.4% on 2017. There was a larger increase in imports (+3.4%) over the same period. Arithmetically, the balance of exports and imports had a slight downward effect on the German GDP growth (-0.2 percentage points).
Gross value added higher in almost all economic sectors
On the production side of the gross domestic product, almost all sectors contributed to the positive economic trend in 2018. For the first time in five years, short-term economic growth in industry was lower than in the services sector. Total price-adjusted gross value added rose 1.5% in 2018 on the previous year.
Above-average growth rates were recorded for information and communication (+3.7%) and construction (+3.6%). In trade, transport, accommodation and food services, the growth in price adjusted gross value added was above average, too (+2.1%). In industry (excluding construction), which accounts for just over a quarter of the total economy, the relevant growth rate was below average (+1.0%) in 2018.
Number of persons in employment at new record high again
On an annual average in 2018, the economic performance in Germany was achieved by 44.8 million persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany. According to first calculations, that was an increase of roughly 562,000 on the previous year. This 1.3% increase was mainly due to a rise in employment subject to social insurance. Higher labour force participation and the immigration of foreign workers offset age-related demographic effects, as had been the case in the preceding years.
Government budgets with record surplus
General government achieved a record surplus of 59.2 billion euros in 2018 (2017: 34.0 billion euros). At the end of the year, central, state and local government and social security funds recorded a surplus for the fifth time in a row, according to provisional calculations. Measured as a percentage of the gross domestic product at current prices, this was a 1.7% surplus ratio of general government for 2018.

Gross domestic product, gross national income andnet national income (factor costs)
 
2015
2016
2017
2018
Change on the previous year in %
At current prices
 
Final consumption expenditure of  households and NPISHs
2.3
2.7
3.4
2.6
Government final consumption expenditure
4.2
4.8
3.8
3.8
Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF)
3.1
4.7
5.0
6.0
D o m e s t i c   u s e s
2.5
3.8
4.0
4.1
Exports
6.5
1.5
6.3
3.5
Imports
4.1
1.5
7.6
5.2
G r o s s   d o m e s t i c   p r o d u c t   (GDP)
3.8
3.6
3.7
3.4
Gross national income
4.0
3.5
3.8
3.4
Net national income (factor costs)
4.2
3.7
3.9
3.1
Compensation of employees
3.9
3.8
4.2
4.7
Property and entrepreneurial income
5.0
3.5
3.3
-0.3
Disposable income of households
2.6
3.0
3.4
3.2
Price-adjusted, chain-linked
Final consumption expenditure of households and NPISHs
1.7
2.1
1.8
1.0
Government final consumption expenditure
2.9
4.0
1.6
1.1
Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF)
1.6
3.5
2.9
3.0
GFCF in machinery and equipment
4.1
2.2
3.7
4.5
GFCF in construction
-1.4
3.8
2.9
3.0
GFCF in other products
5.4
5.2
1.3
0.4
D o m e s t i c   u s e s
1.6
3.0
2.0
1.8
Exports
5.3
2.3
4.6
2.4
Imports
5.6
4.1
4.8
3.4
G r o s s   d o m e s t i c   p r o d u c t   (GDP)
1.7
2.2
2.2
1.5
GDP per person in employment
0.8
0.9
0.7
0.2
GDP per hour worked by persons in employment
0.6
1.4
0.9
0.1
Gross value added, total
1.5
2.2
2.2
1.5
including:
Manufacturing
2.5
4.7
2.7
1.2
Contributions to growth of price-adjusted GDP in percentage points
Final consumption expenditure of households and NPISHs
0.9
1.1
0.9
0.5
Government final consumption expenditure
0.6
0.8
0.3
0.2
Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF)
0.3
0.7
0.6
0.6
GFCF in machinery and equipment
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
GFCF in construction
-0.1
0.4
0.3
0.3
GFCF in other products
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
Changes in inventories, etc.
-0.3
0.2
0.1
0.4
Domestic uses
1.5
2.7
1.9
1.7
Balance of exports and imports (net exports)
0.2
-0.5
0.3
-0.2
More information 
More detailed results are published in Fachserie 18 “National Accounts”, Series 1.1 “First Annual Results”. Detailed information on the press conference on the “Bruttoinlandsprodukt 2018 für Deutschland” is available at www.destatis.de (only in German). 
The results published last time in November 2018 for the years 1991 to 2017 have not been revised, as is always the case at this time of the year.
First GDP results on the fourth quarter of 2018 will be released by the Federal Statistical Office on 14 February 2019. Detailed results will be released on 22 February 2019.
Other publications on national accounts and a detailed quality report are available at Publications.
Detailed documents relating to the press conference are available here (only in german). 
For further information:National accounts info team,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 26,contact form

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Accommodation in internal tourism in November 2018: 5% more overnight stays

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

WIESBADEN – As reported by the Federal Statistical Office, in Germany the number of overnight stays in accommodation establishments with 10 or more bed places and in tourist campsites having 10 or more pitches increased by 5% to 31.0 million in November 2018, compared with the corresponding month of the preceding year.
For further information:Tourism,tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 48 51,contact form

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Publisher:© Federal Statistical Officeof Germany Press OfficeIndication of source requestedfor distribution

Service hours:Mon – Tue: 8am – 5pmFri: 8am – 3pmCET / CEST
Postal address:65180 WiesbadenGermany

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Tax paid on fewer cigarettes in 2018

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

WIESBADEN – As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the quantity of cigarettes on which tax was paid in Germany decreased by 1.9% in 2018 compared with the preceding year. The total value of tobacco products in terms of retail prices on which tax was paid in Germany in 2018 amounted to Euro 26.4 billion. That was an increase of 1.7% from the previous year.
Basic data and long time series are available in table Taxation of tobacco products: Germany, years (73411-0001) in the GENESIS-Online database
For further information:Excises duties,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 41 33,contact form

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Service hours:Mon – Tue: 8am – 5pmFri: 8am – 3pmCET / CEST
Postal address:65180 WiesbadenGermany

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7% of the population live in overcrowded dwellings

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

Average overcrowding rate in the EU markedly higher (16%)

WIESBADEN – The proportion of Germany’s population living in overcrowded dwellings amounted to 7% in 2017. This means that the number of rooms of a household was too small compared to the number of people living in these rooms. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the nationwide overcrowding rate was unchanged on the previous year.
For further information:International statistics,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 94 94,contact form

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Number of employees in manufacturing in November 2018: +2.6% year on year

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

Enlarge picture WIESBADEN – At the end of November 2018, 5.7 million people worked in local units of manufacturing with 50 or more persons employed in Germany. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) on the basis of provisional results, that was a rise by about 145,000 persons or 2.6% against November 2017.
The number of hours worked in November 2018 increased 0.9% from a year earlier, reaching 757 million – at equal numbers of working days.
The earnings amounted to 30.5 billion euros; that was 3.5% more than in November 2017.
Basic data and long time series are available in tables Persons employed and turnover of local units in manufacturing 42111-0002 and 42111-0004 in the GENESIS-Online database.
For further information:Monthly report on manufacturing,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 28 07contact form

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Construction price index for residential buildings in November 2018: +4.8% on a year earlier

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

Highest year-on-year increase since November 2007

WIESBADEN – In November 2018, the construction price index for conventionally constructed new residential buildings (construction work performed at the building; including turnover tax) in Germany was up 4.8% compared with November 2017. In August 2018, as reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the price index increased 4.6% on a year earlier. Compared with August 2018, the price index for residential buildings rose by 0.8% in November 2018.
As far as non-residential buildings were concerned, the price index for office buildings was up 4.7% in November 2018 compared with November 2017. The index for industrial buildings rose by 4.8%. The price index relating to road construction rose 7.1% compared with the corresponding month of the preceding year.
Basic data and long time series are available in tables Price indices for the construction industry (61261-0001 to 61261-0006) in the GENESIS-Online database.
For further information:Construction prices,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 24 40,contact form

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Turnover in main construction industry in October 2018: +16.8% year on year

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English

WIESBADEN – As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), turnover in the main construction industry in October 2018 was up 16.8% compared with the corresponding month of the previous year.
At the end of October 2018 the number of persons employed by main construction industry entrepreneurs was up 2.6% compared to the level a year earlier.
Basic data and long time series are available in table Persons employed, turnover in the main construction industry (44151-0001) in the GENESIS-Online database.
For further information:Short-term surveys in construction,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 47 33,contact form 

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Service hours:Mon – Tue: 8am – 5pmFri: 8am – 3pmCET / CEST
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