Gross domestic product up 0.3% in the 1st quarter of 2018

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishGross domestic product, 1st quarter of 2018+0.3% on the previous quarter (price-, seasonally and calendar-adjusted)
+1.6% on the same quarter a year earlier (price-adjusted)
+2.3% on the same quarter a year earlier (price- and calendar-adjusted)
WIESBADEN – The German economy continued to grow also at the beginning of the year, though at a slower pace. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the gross domestic product (GDP) increased 0.3% – upon price, seasonal and calendar adjustment – in the first quarter of 2018 compared with the fourth quarter of 2017. This is the 15th quarter-on-quarter growth in a row, contributing to the longest upswing phase since 1991. Last year, there were higher GDP growth rates (+0.7% in the third quarter and +0.6% in the fourth quarter of 2017). 
In a quarter-on-quarter comparison (adjusted for price, seasonal and calendar variations), positive contributions were made by domestic demand, according to provisional calculations. Capital formation increased substantially. Fixed capital formation, especially in construction but also in machinery and equipment, was markedly up compared with the fourth quarter of 2017. Households slightly increased their final consumption expenditure at the beginning of the year. Government final consumption expenditure, however, decreased for the first time in just under five years and had a downward effect on economic growth. Also, according to provisional calculations, development of foreign trade was less dynamic because both exports and imports decreased on the previous quarter. 
Economic growth decelerated somewhat also in a year-on-year comparison. The price-adjusted GDP in the first quarter of 2018 was up by 1.6% compared with the first quarter of 2017. When adjusted for the rather strong calendar effect, caused by the timing of public holidays, GDP growth was 2.3%. In the third quarter of 2017, the calendar-adjusted GDP was up by 2.7% year-on-year, in the fourth quarter of 2017 by 2.9%. 
The economic performance in the first quarter of 2018 was achieved by 44.3 million persons in employment, which was an increase of 609,000, or 1.4%, on a year earlier. 
In addition to calculating first data for the first quarter of 2018, the Federal Statistical Office reviewed the national accounting results published previously for the quarters and the year of 2017. This did not result in any changes of the gross domestic product data published so far. 
Gross domestic product, Price-adjusted, chain-linked
 
Unadjusted figures
Figures according to Census X-12-ARIMA
Seasonally andcalendar-adjusted
Calendar-adjusted 1
Calendar-effect
2010 = 100
%2
2010 = 100
%3
2010 = 100
%2
%2
1 For years the calendar-adjusted values are identical with the seasonally and calendar-adjusted values (except for differences due to rounding).2 Change on the previous year or the same quarter of the preceding year in %.3 Change on the previous year or previous quarter in %.qtr = quarter
2017
113.13
 2.2 
113.26
 2.5 
113.26
 2.5 
–0.3 
2017
1stqtr
112.55
 3.4 
112.14
 0.9 
111.78
 2.1 
 1.2 
2ndqtr
111.86
 1.0 
112.85
 0.6 
112.17
 2.3 
–1.3 
3rdqtr
115.17
 2.2 
113.68
 0.7 
115.58
 2.7 
–0.4 
4thqtr
112.94
 2.3 
114.37
 0.6 
113.51
 2.9 
–0.6 
2018
1stqtr
114.37
 1.6 
114.71
 0.3 
114.36
 2.3 
–0.7 
Gross domestic product at current prices
 
Unadjusted figures
Seasonally and calendar-adjustedfigures according toCensus X-12-ARIMA
EUR billion
Change in %1
EUR billion
Change in %2

1 Change on the previous year or the same quarter of the preceding year in %.2 Change on the previous year or previous quarter in %.
qtr = quarter

2017
3,263.350
 3.8 
3,267.265
 4.1 

2017

1stqtr
798.080
 4.3 
801.039
 1.0 
2ndqtr
804.390
 2.6 
812.754
 1.5 
3rdqtr
831.050
 4.3 
823.972
 1.4 
4thqtr
829.830
 4.0 
829.500
 0.7 
2018
1stqtr
825.860
 3.5 
834.612
 0.6 
More detailed results on the first quarter of 2018 will be released by the Federal Statistical Office on 24 May 2018.
A long time series with quarterly results on the gross domestic product starting with the first quarter of 1970 is available here.
>>> brief methodological description
For further information:National accounts info team,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 26,contact form

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Accommodation in internal tourism in March 2018: 9% more overnight stays

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishWIESBADEN – As reported by the Federal Statistical Office, in Germany the number of overnight stays in accommodation establishments with 10 or more bed places and in tourist campsites having 10 or more pitches increased by 9% to 33.2 million in March 2018, compared with the corresponding month of the preceding year.For further information:Christine Graffy,tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 48 51,contact form

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Positive trend in employment continued in the 1st quarter of 2018

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishWIESBADEN – In the first quarter of 2018, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to 44.3 million according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with the same quarter a year earlier, the number of persons in employment increased considerably by 609,000 or 1.4%. Hence the positive employment trend continued at the beginning of 2018. In the fourth quarter of 2017, the year-on-year increase had been 1.4%, too.Compared with the previous quarter, the number of persons in employment in the first quarter of 2018 declined by 316,000 (–0.7%). A decrease in employment in the first quarter of a year is a usual seasonal phenomenon. However, in 2018 the decrease was lower than the average of the past five years (–422,000 people). After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the relevant number increased by 196,000 (+0.4%) compared with the previous quarter.
Compared with the first quarter of 2017, the number of employees increased by a total of 676,000 (+1.7%) to stand at 40.11 million in the first quarter of 2018. The number of self-employed including family workers decreased by 67,000 (–1.6%) to 4.24 million in the same period.
Service sector contributed most to growthIn the first quarter of 2018, the rise in the number of persons in employment on the same quarter a year earlier was again mainly due to the growth in the service sector. The largest absolute employment gains within the service sector were recorded for public services, education, health (210,000 people or +1.9%), followed by business services (+131,000 or +2.2%) and trade, transport, accommodation and food services (+102,000 or +1.0%). However, employment was down in financial and insurance activities (–18,000 people or –1.5%).In industry (excluding construction), the number of persons in employment was up by 107,000 (+1.3%) and in construction by 45,000 (+1.9%) in the first quarter of 2018 compared with the same period a year earlier. In agriculture, forestry and fishing, the number of persons in employment decreased by 18,000 (–3.1%).
Total hours worked rose 0.1 percentThe average number of hours worked per person in employment was down by 1.3% to 345.4 hours in the first quarter of 2018 compared with the first quarter of 2017 according to first provisional results of the Institute for Employment Research of the Federal Employment Agency. The total number of hours worked, that is, the number of persons in employment multiplied by the hours worked per person in employment, increased by 0.1% to roughly 15.3 billion hours in the same period.
Note on the results published earlierIn addition to the first calculation of the number of persons in employment and of the number of hours worked for the first quarter of 2018, the results published for the quarters of 2017 (press release of 14 February 2018) were recalculated as part of the regular revision of national accounts. The recalculation of the quarterly employment data resulted, at the level of the overall economy, in a year-on-year change rate that is 0.1 percentage points lower for the fourth quarter than the results published earlier. The relevant change rates remained unchanged for the first to third quarters of 2017 (+1.5%), and for the year 2017. In the 28 countries of the European Union, employment was up 1.6% in 2017.
Persons in employment and hours worked
Year,Quarter 1
Persons in employment 2
Hours worked 3
Total
Employees
Self-employed 4
by persons inemployment
perperson inemployment
Persons in 1,000
mn hours
hours
1 For persons in employment: annual and/or quarterly averages.2 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounts; persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany (domestic concept).3 Source: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (Institute for Employment Research) of the Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency), Nuremberg.4 Including family workers.qtr = quarter
2015
43,069
38,710
4,359
58,923
1,368.1
2016
43,638
39,305
4,333
59,286
1,358.6
2017
44,271
39,974
4,297
60,044
1,356.3
2015
1stqtr
42,517
38,154
4,363
14,872
349.8
2ndqtr
42,998
38,627
4,371
13,899
323.3
3rdqtr
43,286
38,908
4,378
15,071
348.2
4thqtr
43,476
39,150
4,326
15,082
346.9
2016
1stqtr
43,096
38,758
4,338
14,810
343.7
2ndqtr
43,557
39,206
4,351
14,262
327.4
3rdqtr
43,832
39,481
4,351
15,166
346.0
4thqtr
44,066
39,773
4,293
15,047
341.5
2017
1stqtr
43,738
39,433
4,305
15,303
349.9
2ndqtr
44,200
39,880
4,320
14,209
321.5
3rdqtr
44,483
40,168
4,315
15,377
345.7
4thqtr
44,663
40,416
4,247
15,154
339.3
2018
1stqtr
44,347
40,109
4,238
15,318
345.4
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
2015
0.9
1.2
–1.2
1.0
0.1
2016
1.3
1.5
–0.6
0.6
–0.7
2017
1.5
1.7
–0.8
1.3
–0.2
2015
1stqtr
0.7
0.9
–1.4
0.5
–0.2
2ndqtr
0.8
1.1
–1.4
1.0
0.2
3rdqtr
1.0
1.2
–1.1
0.7
–0.3
4thqtr
1.2
1.4
–0.9
1.9
0.7
2016
1stqtr
1.4
1.6
–0.6
–0.4
–1.7
2ndqtr
1.3
1.5
–0.5
2.6
1.3
3rdqtr
1.3
1.5
–0.6
0.6
–0.6
4thqtr
1.4
1.6
–0.8
–0.2
–1.6
2017
1stqtr
1.5
1.7
–0.8
3.3
1.8
2ndqtr
1.5
1.7
–0.7
–0.4
–1.8
3rdqtr
1.5
1.7
–0.8
1.4
–0.1
4thqtr
1.4
1.6
–1.1
0.7
–0.6
2018
1stqtr
1.4
1.7
–1.6
0.1
–1.3
Persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany, by economic sector 1
Sector of economicactivity 2
2016
2017
2017
2018
1stqtr
2ndqtr
3rdqtr
4thqtr
1stqtr
1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounts (domestic concept); annual and quarterly averages.2 Classification of Economic Activities, 2008 edition (WZ 2008).
Persons in 1,000

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
619
617
584
653
639
592
566
Industry, excluding construction
8,108
8,193
8,127
8,156
8,229
8,262
8,234
including:
Manufacturing
7,539
7,620
7,557
7,584
7,654
7,685
7,662
Construction
2,450
2,490
2,430
2,490
2,523
2,524
2,475
Trade, transport, accommodation and food services
9,976
10,091
9,944
10,075
10,136
10,175
10,046
Information and communication
1,240
1,275
1,266
1,274
1,277
1,285
1,290
Financial and insurance activities
1,179
1,158
1,164
1,154
1,154
1,158
1,146
Real estate activities
468
475
473
474
477
479
477
Business services
5,903
6,036
5,928
6,019
6,102
6,108
6,059
Public services, education, health
10,735
10,943
10,868
10,916
10,926
11,070
11,078
Other services
2,960
2,993
2,954
2,989
3,020
3,010
2,976
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
–2.8
–0.3
–1.2
–0.6
0.5
0.3
–3.1
Industry, excluding construction
0.2
1.0
0.8
0.9
1.2
1.3
1.3
including: 
Manufacturing
0.3
1.1
0.7
0.9
1.3
1.4
1.4
Construction
0.9
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.9
Trade, transport, accommodationand food services
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.1
1.0
1.0
Information and communication
1.8
2.8
3.4
3.2
2.5
2.2
1.9
Financial and insurance activities
–0.7
–1.8
–1.4
–2.0
–2.1
–2.1
–1.5
Real estate activities
0.2
1.5
1.5
1.7
1.9
1.3
0.8
Business services
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.2
2.3
2.0
2.2
Public services, education, health
2.4
1.9
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.9
Other services
0.7
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
0.9
0.7
The current national accounts data on employment by quarters and years and the current monthly time series are available on the labour market web pages.
Detailed data and long time series on persons in employment and the number of hours worked are available in the GENESIS-Online database in the tables on national accounts of the Federation (81000-0012 and 81000-0016) and on the labour market (13321).
>> Brief methodological description employment
>> Brief methodological description hours worked
For further information:Ulf-Karsten Keil,tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33,contact form

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2.4% of first-born children in 2016 had a mother aged 40 or over

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In English
Proportion was 3.2% on an EU average
WIESBADEN – In 2016, roughly 2.4% of the first-born children in Germany were born to mothers aged 40 or over. To coincide with Mother’s Day, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the proportion has been rather stable since 2010 (2.5%). The number of first-born children whose mother was 40 years or older increased from roughly 8,500 in 2010 to roughly 9,200 in 2016.
For further information:Johanna Mischke,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 94 94,contact form 

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February 2018: business insolvencies up 2.8% on February 2017

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishWIESBADEN – In February 2018 German local courts reported 1,624 business insolvencies. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that this was a 2.8% increase compared with February 2017.In February 2018, the largest number of business insolvencies was recorded in construction (306 cases). 276 requests for insolvency proceedings were filed by businesses of the wholesale and retail trade sector (including repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles). In accommodation and food services, 195 requests were reported.
Basic data and long time series are available in tables Insolvency proceedings (enterprises) (52411-0004) and Insolvency proceedings (other debtors) (52411-0009) in the GENESIS-Online database.
For further information:Michael Ziebach,tel: 49 (0) 611 / 75 28 11,contact form

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Turnover in main construction industry in February 2018: +10.5% year on year

Source: Destatis Statistisches Bundesamt – In EnglishWIESBADEN – As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), turnover in the main construction industry in February 2018 was up 10.5% compared with the corresponding month of the previous year.At the end of February 2018 the number of persons employed by main construction industry entrepreneurs was up 3.0% compared to the level a year earlier
Basic data and long time series are available in table Persons employed, turnover in the main construction industry (44151-0001) in the GENESIS-Online database.
For further information:Benjamin Deißroth,tel: +49 (0) 611 / 75 43 06,contact form 

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